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hierarchy, mobility, and ariStocracieS in .NET Assign gs1 datamatrix barcode in .NET hierarchy, mobility, and ariStocracieS

hierarchy, mobility, and ariStocracieS generate, create datamatrix 2d barcode none with .net projects MS Excel their rhetoric of Visual Studio .NET barcode data matrix shared experiences to continue into the future. Thus, Sidonius wrote to his friend Aquilinus, let us be two souls of a single mind, and let us teach our children to live in mutual affection desiring or rejecting, seeking or avoiding the same things.

76 These sentiments, however, were merely an aspect of an ideal of noble solidarity that did not match reality. In fact, the very sources in which the powerful proposed unity reveal how aristocrats could not live up to their own rhetoric. One problem was that aristocrats were ever at odds to determine whom to exclude from noble circles.

For example, when the parvenu Gaudentius obtained the office of vicarius Septem Provinciarum, Sidonius readily admitted him to friendship, but the young noblemen whom Gaudentius passed over were not as accepting; instead, they stewed about their trampled on nobility. 77 Another difference of opinion over noble qualifications involved a debate between Gregory of Tours and Bishop Sagittarius of Gap. When the latter publicly remarked that the sons of King Guntram could not ascend the throne because their mother was of servile origin, Gregory contradicted the assessment, noting that Sagittarius was ignoring the fact that, irrespective of their mother s birth, all children born to a king count as a king s sons.

78 Apparently, even qualification to membership within Gaul s first family was subject to deliberation.79 If factionalism ultimately nullified the possibility for widespread aristocratic identity, so too did an inability to agree on who counted among noble echelons occasion the chance for people of lower status to enter higher ranks. Thus far, the voices of several authors have testified to a Gallic society that was recognizably hierarchical, built one social layer upon another.

But these levels were separated by ill-defined borders, and the tiers themselves consisted of living, breathing, potentially. 76. Sid. Ap.

, Ep. 5.9.

4 (Anderson, ed. and trans., 2: 202): simus animae duae, amimus unus, imbuamusque liberos invicem diligentes idem velle nolle, refugere sectari.

77. Sid. Ap.

, Ep. 1.3 (Anderson, ed.

and trans., 1: 346): calcata generositas. 78.

Greg. Tur., Hist.

, 5.20 (MGH, SRM 1.1, 228): ignorans, quod, praetermissis nunc generibus feminarum, regis vocitantur liberi, qui de regibus fuerant procreati.

79. Speculation on what makes a Merovingian continues. Ian Wood, Deconstructing the Merovingian Family, 164, recently has offered: The Merovingian family was not an unquestionably biological unit, it was rather a political construct.

. Social mobility in late antique gaul socially mobile in dividuals. At this point, we shall begin an examination of participants in several of Gaul s aristocracies as separated by behavior: landholders, courtiers, and ecclesiastical aristocrats. Because this study ultimately pertains to non-elites, we shall frequently turn to examples of prot g s as they tried to advance into the highest ranks.

The first aristocracy on which we shall focus is that which consisted of prominent persons combining resources, especially land, through marriage . The basis of power for most Gallic noble families was landholding.80 With the disappearance of empire, large landowners to the south distinguished themselves as nobiles by continued use of the term senator.

81 The senatores principal strategy for preserving social preeminence was to marry offspring into families with like pedigree, and combine resources.82 Gregory of Tours family exemplifies the process. Gregory was the product of several generations of multiple large landowning clans, his father s relatives originating from the Auvergne and his mother s from Burgundy.

The historian identified three of four of his maternal great grandparents as having senatorial status, meaning they were large landowners. The parents of his mother s father were Gregorius, ex senatoribus primis, and Armentaria, who was ex senatoribus.83 Gregory s mother Armentaria took her name from this grandmother.

The younger Armentaria s mother s father was Florentinus, a native of Geneva who was ex senatoribus.84 He married Artemia, whose family background. 80. Power did not visual .net ECC200 result simply from possessing land.

Innes, State and Society in the Early Middle Ages, 93, writes: control of land was necessary to fund a lifestyle and to enter the social spheres in which one could create the personal contacts which allowed one to exercise power. 81. For Gregory of Tours synonymous use of nobilis and senator, see Gilliard, Senators of Sixth-Century Gaul, 692.

82. In what follows, I privilege the notion of a traditional Roman concept of marriage, which implies partners of theoretically equal rank and parental consent for, if not parental instigation of, the union. There was great diversity in early medieval sexual partnerships including marriage, concubinage, and other arrangements, for which see Smith, Europe after Rome, 125 35.

Likewise, there was considerable variation for early medieval inheritance strategies; ibid., 135 47. Regarding transmission of resources, I am less interested in stratagems to preserve patrimony than efforts to preserve or augment status.

On the centrality of these goals for families passing along property to the next generation, see ibid., 143. 83.

Greg. Tur., VP 7.

1 (MGH, SRM 1.2, 237). 84.

Greg. Tur., VP 8.

1 (MGH, SRM 1.2, 241)..

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